The UK was arguably the pioneer in the field of oceanography: James Cook included information on the oceans in his report on his famous voyages between 1768 and 1779; around about 1800 James Rennell wrote the first textbooks about currents in the Atlantic and Indian Oceans; Sir James Clark Ross took the first sounding in the deep sea in 1840; and the Royal Society sponsored the Challenger expedition (1872–76), the first true oceanographic cruise (laying the foundation for the field), traveling 70,000 nautical miles, resulting in a 50 volume report covering biological, physical and geological aspects of the ocean.
The UK still conducts much of the world’s cutting-edge oceanographic research, but this position is under threat from the actions of the current government. The UK’s flagship oceanographic institution, The National Oceanography Centre (NOC), based at sites in Southampton and Liverpool, is shedding nearly a quarter of its scientific staff. These cut-backs ultimately stem from the UK government’s misguided belief in ‘austerity’– a policy that Nobel Prize winning economist Paul Krugman (amongst others) has repeatedly denounced as ‘ideologically convenient wishful thinking’. Austerity has resulted in budgets cuts at the country’s research funding councils in recent years — rather than using the word ‘cuts’, they prefer to refer to it as a ‘restructuring exercise’ (as someone recently phrased it in a farewell email, “a few people know that I have been restructured, which feels a bit like taking redundancy, but apparently has more positive overtones.”).
The UK Natural Environment Research Council (NERC), which provides much of the funding for ocean and earth science research in the UK, insists that the NOC will still be a major player in the field, albeit “with a somewhat leaner, but even more highly competitive scientific team”. This I feel is at best a facade of optimism: although many high level academics have kept their jobs, they have lost vital support staff (post-docs, technicians etc.). The base of the academic pyramid has been yanked away and to claim that this will make research groups within NOC more competitive (other than with each other) is either delusional or completely disingenuous. This policy of cut-backs has been exacerbated by the stance of NERC, which has decided to:
“Gradually shift the balance of science funding from long-term survey, monitoring and infrastructure… towards front-line, competitively awarded, strategic environmental research”
This essentially means that nationwide there will be less guaranteed funding for long-term research projects, and a more
cut-throat competitive atmosphere where academics are judged on short-term performance goals. This move is consistent with the current trend of running research institutions like large corporations — a strategy that does not sit well with the collegial nature of academic research. This policy is by no means exclusive to NERC, and is insidious across many of the UK’s research councils: disgruntled scientists last week from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) delivered a coffin to Downing Street, protesting the death of British science, claiming that priority is being given to “strategic priorities rather than blue-skies research.”
If this programme of cuts continues, the UK will be overtaken by other nations when it comes to oceanographic research — and more broadly, scientific research in general. This may not occur overnight, but probably over the next few decades as young talented PhDs, post-docs and technicians (not just from the UK, but from overseas as well) are forced to look elsewhere to start their careers. The government is constantly telling us (usually when referring to people in the financial sector) that the most skilled people need to be kept in (attracted to) this country. It would appear that highly trained scientists – in a field that we have a truly excellent reputation internationally – are not on that list.
David Aldridge has a PhD in Marine Science from The National Oceanography Centre, Southampton. He is now planning his escape from academia. He is the founder and editor of Words in mOcean.